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考研英语作文:The Rewards of the Professions

2014-12-27 15:45:05 网络转载

  正文:

  The Rewards of the Professions

  The probability that any person should ever be qualified for the employment to which

he is educated, is very different in different occupations. In the greater part of mechanic

trades, success is almost certain; but very uncertain in the liberal professions. Put your

son apprentice to a shoemaker,there is little doubt of his learning to make a pair of shoes,

but send him to study the law, it is at least twenty to one if ever he makes such a

proficiency as it will enable him to live by the business. In a perfectly fair lottery,those who

draw the prizes ought to gain all that is lost by those who draw the blanks. In a profession

where twenty fail for one that succeeds, that one ought to gain all thatshould have been

gained by the unsuccessful nineteen. The counsellor at law, who, perhaps, at near forty

years of age, begins to make something by his profession, ought to receive the retribution

not only of his own so tedious and expensive education, but of that of more than ten

others who are never likely to make anything by it. How extravagant soever the fees of

counsellors at law may sometimes appear, their real retribution is never equal to this.

  Those professions keep their level, however, with other occupations, and not with

standing these discouragements, all the most generous and liberal spirits are eager to

crowd into them. Two different causes contribute to recommend them.First, the desire of

the reputation which attends upon superiorexcellence in any of them; and, secondly, the

natural confidence which every man has, more or less, not only in his own abilities, but in

his own good fortune.

  To excel in any profession, in which but few arrive at mediocrity, is the most decisive

mark of what is called genius or superior talents. The public admiration which attends

upon such distinguished abilities, makes always a part of their reward;a greater or smaller

in proportion as it is higher or lower in degree. It makes a considerable part of it in the

profession of physic;a still greater perhaps in that of law; in poetry and philosophy it makes

almost the whole.

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